Career in Engineering: Scope, Jobs & Salary – A Complete Guide

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Career in Engineering – Overview

Everything we see around us is in someway related to engineering. There are numerous branches in engineering and even new branches are being introduced. Building a career in engineering has its own challenges but it also is one of the most fulfilling and rewarding field of study. The human existence is majorly dependent on various forms of engineering.

Also Read: Engineering Courses: Types, Career, Scope, Eligibility, Benefits

List of Top 10 Career Options in Engineering

There are limitless career options in engineering. It is a field that harbors various fields of industry. Besides, engineering is an extensive course that will cover the various aspects of the said field with academic education as well as practical and professional training. It is essential to choose the right college as it affects the career opportunities for an engineer.

Here are the top 10 career options for an engineer:

1. Career in Electrical & Computer Engineering

What is Electrical & Computer Engineering?

Electrical & Computer Engineering, ECE, covers various sections of electrical and computer engineering. Electrical engineering is the designing, manufacturing, installation and other aspects of electrical appliances. There are three different specializations in Computer Engineering which are software engineering, hardware engineering and network engineering. ECE is the combination of electrical and computer engineering where the applications of electrical appliances with the help of technology of computers.

Scope in Electrical & Computer Engineering

The ECE Engineers have a wide scope as there are several job profiles from ECE that are highly in demand in various industries. The work in ECE is not entirely just the calculations, it is creative work where the skills of the engineers are tested and pushed. This ensures that the engineers keep developing and moving forward with their careers. Besides, there are jobs in the private as well as government sectors for ECE engineers.

Job Opportunities After Electrical & Computer Engineering

There are various job opportunities available for ECE engineers and the most common ones are listed as follows:

  • Electrical Engineers
  • Computer Engineers
  • Software Engineers
  • Hardware Engineers
  • Cyber Security Engineers
  • Acoustic consultant
  • Aerospace engineer
  • Broadcast engineer
  • CAD technician
  • Control and instrumentation engineer
  • Design engineer
  • Electronics engineer
  • IT consultant
  • Network engineer
  • Nuclear engineer
  • Sound engineer
  • Special effects technician
  • Systems analyst

Average Salary Range After Engineering in Electrical & Computer

The salary range for ECE engineers will differs depending on the experience the engineer has pursued. For freshers, the initial salary ranges from ₹3L to ₹5L. Factors that affect fresher salaries include the institute from where the degree was pursued, the quality of campus placements, internships if any, etc.

 

2. Career in Electronics and Communications Engineering

What is Electronics and Communications Engineering?

The field of engineering which deals with the designing of electronic circuits, devices, integrated circuits and their systems is referred to as Electronics and Communications Engineering. The LAN Network, Broadband, phone and mobile connections, sim cards, etc. is what is included under this sector of engineering.

Scope in Electronics & Communications Engineering

The Electronics and Communications Engineers are given an expanding scope thanks to the digitization and the growing use of internet and ethernet. Various kinds of job profiles are in high demand in the said industries. A degree achieved from fulfilling education will ensure better opportunities in the field. Academic and professional training are both essential for an electronics and communications engineer.

Job Opportunities After Electronics & Communications Engineering

There are various job opportunities available in electronics and communications engineering and the most common ones are listed as follows:

  • Electronics Engineer
  • Field Test Engineer
  • Network Planning Engineer
  • Electronics and Communications Consultant
  • Customer Support Engineer
  • Electronics Technician
  • Associate Firstline Technician
  • Research and Development Software Engineer
  • Service Engineer
  • Senior Sales Manager
  • Technical Director

Average Salary Range After Engineering in Electronics & Communications

There are certain factors that affect the salary range for electronics and communications engineers. It differs depending on the experience the engineer has pursued, either through a full-time job or internships. For freshers, the initial salary ranges from ₹1.8L to ₹2.4L. Other factors that affect the salaries for freshers constitute of the institute from where the degree was pursued, the quality of campus placements, etc.

 

3. Career in Aircraft Maintenance Engineering

What is Aircraft Maintenance Engineering?

An aircraft maintenance engineer is licensed personnel who performs quality checks on various airplanes and is responsible for their maintenance. Checking the engines, the control system and various other sections of the aircraft are what are included in the engineering of aircraft maintenance.

Scope in Electronics & Communications Engineering

The Aircraft Maintenance Engineers do have a great scope given that the air travel has become quite common now. There will always be a requirement for licensed professionals who can inspect the safety of airplanes. Besides, these engineers also play a significant role in avoiding the air accidents. There are job opportunities in the private sector as well as government sector.

Job Opportunities After Aircraft Maintenance Engineering

There are various job opportunities available for AME engineers and the most common ones are listed as follows:

  • Job Profiles
    • Licensed Aircraft Maintenance Engineer
  • Sectors
    • Airlines
    • Maintenance, Repair and Overhauls (MRO)
    • Aircraft Manufacturing Companies
    • Aircraft Part Manufacturing Companies
    • Aircraft Operation Organizations
    • Flying Clubs
    • Aviation Training Centres
    • Civil Defence Forces

Average Salary Range After Engineering in Aircraft Maintenance

For freshers and engineers with less than 4 years of experience, the initial salary ranges from ₹2.6L to ₹4.2L. The factors that affect the salaries for freshers constitute of the institute from where the degree was pursued, the quality of campus placements, etc. The salary range can go up for the engineers after attaining some experience in the field.

 

4. Career in Information Technology

What is Information Technology?

Information technology or IT deals with the use of computers to carry out various processes in business operations and other technologies such as personal or entertainment. It constitutes the use of computers to store, retrieve, transmit, and manipulate data or information. IT is a part of information and communications technology and engineering in this field is one of the most common choices among the youngsters.

Scope in Information Technology (IT)

A promising career lies ahead for IT Engineers. IT is the most commonly chosen engineering field and there is a reason for that. The opportunities and the career that it provides is fulfilling. There are plenty of jobs in the private sector and in the government sector as well. There are a few challenges along the way but IT can truly provide a great quality of living.

Job Opportunities After Engineering in IT

There are several job opportunities available in IT engineering and the most common ones are listed as follows:

  • Computer Programmer
  • Web developer
  • Software Analyst
  • Software engineer
  • Information security analyst

Average Salary Range After Engineering in IT

There are certain factors that affect the salary range for IT engineers. It varies depending on the experience the engineer has through a full-time job or internships. For freshers, the initial salary ranges from ₹1.8L to ₹2.4L. Other factors that affect the salaries for freshers include the institute from where the degree was pursued, the quality of campus placements, etc.

 

5. Career in Mechanical Engineering

What is Mechanical Engineering?

A branch in engineering that is a combination of physics and mathematics principles implied in the material and structure design, is what is referred to as mechanical engineering. It constitutes the science to design, analyze, manufacture, and maintenance of mechanical systems. Mechanical engineering is also one of the oldest branches of engineering.

Scope in Mechanical Engineering

Mechanical engineers have the scope of finding jobs in the government and the private sector. They are expected to design, test, manufacture, install, operate and maintain a variety of machines as well as mechanical systems that are incorporated in different industries. In India itself, there are several job opportunities for mechanical engineers.

Job Opportunities After Mechanical Engineering

There are various job opportunities available for Mechanical Engineers and the most common ones are listed as follows:

  • Mechanical Engineer
  • Structure Design Specialist
  • Manufacturing Executive
  • Materials Engineer

Average Salary Range After Engineering in Aircraft Maintenance

The salary range for mechanical engineering freshers and engineers with less than 2 years of experience, the initial salary ranges from ₹2.4L to ₹4.4L. There are multiple factors that affect the salary range for freshers even. Some of these factors constitute of the institute from where the degree was pursued, the quality of campus placements, etc. The salary range can go up for the engineers after pursuing some experience in the field.

 

6. Career in Civil Engineering

What is Civil Engineering?

Another one of the oldest branches of engineering is civil engineering. It is the branch of engineering that deals with the design, construction as well as the maintenance of the physical environment. This includes various forms of natural and physical building. Public works such as roads, bridges, canals, dams, airports, sewerage systems, pipelines, structural components of buildings, and railways as well constitute civil engineering.

Scope in Civil Engineering

Given that the government sector has a high demand of civil engineers, there is quite a lot of scope in this field of engineering. There are various specializations in the area such as construction, geo-technical, environmental, coastal and transportation engineering. Even in the private sector, there are several jobs available for civil engineers.

Job Opportunities After Civil Engineering

There are various job opportunities available for Civil Engineers and the most common ones are listed as follows:

  • Building control surveyor
  • CAD technician
  • Consulting civil engineer
  • Contracting civil engineer
  • Design engineer
  • Nuclear engineer
  • Site engineer
  • Structural engineer
  • Water engineer
  • Rural and Urban Transport engineer

Average Salary Range After Engineering in Civil

The salary range for civil engineering freshers and candidates with less than 3 years of experience, the initial salary ranges from ₹2.3L to ₹4.6L. The factors that affect the salary range for freshers constitute of the institute from where the degree was pursued, the quality of campus placements, etc. The salary will go up as the engineer gains experience.

 

7. Career in Cloud Technology Engineering

What is Cloud Technology Engineering?

Cloud technology engineering is remotely related to IT engineering. It deals with the application of engineering disciplines to cloud computing. It majorly involves the process of designing the cloud systems required to leverage the power and economics of various cloud resources to solve business-related problems.

Scope in Cloud Technology Engineering

With various industries and businesses adapting to cloud computing, there is wide scope in cloud technology engineering. Cloud Computing brings convenience to accessibility, providing virtual storage space, and addresses backup issues as well. It also renders security against unauthorized access and loss of data. It helps the businesses to save huge investments on services and infrastructure for data storage, software licenses, servers and hardware.

Job Opportunities After Civil Engineering

There are various job opportunities available for Cloud Technology Engineers and the most common ones are listed as follows:

  • Cloud Infrastructure Engineer
  • Cloud Architect
  • Cloud Enterprise Architect
  • Cloud Software Engineer

Average Salary Range After Engineering in Cloud Technology

The salary range for freshers and experienced candidates with less than 3 years of experience, the initial salary ranges from ₹7.6L to ₹10.6L. The factors that affect the salary range for freshers constitute of the institute from where the degree was pursued, the quality of campus placements, etc. The salary will go up as the engineer gains experience and can later on go up to ₹24L as well.

 

8. Career in Data Science Engineering

What is Data Science Engineering?

Data engineering or data science engineering is a trending field of engineering that deals with the practical applications of data collection and analysis. The data scientists are the ones who use large sets of information and analyze it with the use of various mechanisms and validating the information.

Scope in Data Science Engineering

Engineering in Data Science is one of the most advanced field of education. There are several ways in which data science provides scope to the students pursuing the courses. It also is one of the highest paying engineering job sectors.

Job Opportunities After Data Science Engineering

There are various job opportunities available for data science engineers and the most common ones are listed as follows:

  • Data Scientist
  • Machine Learning Engineer
  • Machine Learning Scientist
  • Applications Architect
  • Enterprise Architect
  • Data Architect
  • Infrastructure Architect
  • Data Engineer
  • Business Intelligence (BI) Developer
  • Statistician
  • Data Analyst

Average Salary Range After Engineering in Data Science

The salary range for data science engineers will vary depending on the experience the engineer has pursued. For freshers, the initial salary ranges from ₹4.4L to ₹7.2L. Factors that affect fresher salaries include the institute from where the degree was pursued, the quality of campus placements, internships if any, etc.

 

9. Career in Artificial Intelligence Engineering

What is Artificial Intelligence Engineering?

Artificial Intelligence engineering is another trending branch of engineering. The AI engineers are responsible for building AI models with the incorporation of machine learning algorithms and deep learning neural networks to draw business insights. These help in making business decisions that affect the entire organization.

Scope in Artificial Intelligence Engineering

With more and more companies adapting to artificial intelligence, there are plenty of new job opportunities coming up in various industries. Various industries including agriculture and healthcare are adapting to artificial intelligence. AI has the ability to significantly affect the unemployment issues in the near future.

Job Opportunities After Artificial Intelligence Engineering

There are various job opportunities available for AI Engineers and the most common ones are listed as follows:

  • Big Data Engineer
  • Business Intelligence Developer
  • Data Scientist
  • Machine Learning Engineer
  • Research Scientist
  • AI Data Analyst
  • Product Manager
  • AI Engineer
  • Robotics Scientist

Average Salary Range After Engineering in Artificial Intelligence

There are certain factors that affect the salary range for AI engineers. It differs depending on the experience the engineer has pursued, either through a full-time job or internships. For freshers and less experienced candidates, the initial salary ranges from ₹5.7L to ₹7.3L. Other factors that affect the salaries for freshers constitute of the institute from where the degree was pursued, the quality of campus placements, etc.

 

10. Career in Cyber Security Engineering

What is Cyber Security Engineering?

Cyber security engineers are responsible for the implementation of secure network solutions designed to defend against hackers, cyber-attacks, and other persistent threats. They are also responsible for the testing and monitoring of these systems, timely making sure that all of the system’s defenses are up to date and working properly.

Scope in Cyber Security Engineering

A rise in the cybercrime has been observed lately. There is a demand for cyber security professionals everywhere, even across the borders. With modernization and digitization, it has become essential to build better and more secure systems. Cyber security engineers are responsible for the same.

Job Opportunities After Engineering in Cyber Security

There are several job opportunities available in Cyber Security Engineering and the most common ones are listed as follows:

  • Big Data Engineer
  • Machine Learning Engineer
  • Data Scientist
  • Data Analyst
  • Blockchain Developer/Engineer
  • Software Developer
  • Computer Network Architect
  • Computer Systems Analyst

Average Salary Range After Engineering in Cyber Security

There are certain factors that affect the salary range for cyber security engineers. It varies depending on the experience the engineer has through a full-time job or internships. For freshers and beginners, the initial salary ranges from ₹2L to ₹3L. Upon pursuing 5 years of experience or more, the salary range can go up to ₹8L to ₹10L. Other factors that affect the salaries for freshers include the institute from where the degree was pursued, the quality of campus placements, etc.

Other Types of Engineering Careers

Apart from the above listed fields of engineering, there are plenty of others. Over decades, engineering as advanced in the field of education. Some of such other engineering fields are listed as follows:

  • Aerospace/aeronautical engineering.
  • Chemical engineering.
  • Engineering management.
  • Biomolecular engineering
  • Materials engineering
  • Molecular engineering
  • Corrosion engineering
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Geotechnical engineering
  • Structural engineering
  • Mining engineering
  • Optical engineering
  • Acoustical engineering
  • Thermal engineering
  • Sports engineering
  • Agricultural engineering

 

Engineering At OSGU

Om Sterling Global University is an institution that believes in providing an overall and holistic education, which includes personal as well as professional development of the students. OSGU has among the best engineering courses in Haryana. The branches range from civil and mechanical engineering to automotive and geotechnology engineering and many others. If the student once decides to acquire the bachelor’s or diploma program in engineering, they are also offered with doctorate courses from the same institute. OSGU is rather a one stop shop for aspiring engineers.

Er. Ajaydeep Bhutani
Er. Ajaydeep Bhutani
Mr. Ajay Deep Bhutani, an Assistant Professor in the School of Engineering and Technology, is an inspirational mentor and an intellectual personality. With his experience and expertise comes the depth in his writings as well as they are a great blend of knowledge, language and words.
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